Prof. Rudolf Vrba, 1924–2006 (aged 81 years)
|Birth|| September 11, 1924
Prof. für Biochemie
Employer: Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver
Michael Hainischfrom December 9, 1920 to December 10, 1928 (aged 4 years)
|Death of a father||Elias Rosenberg|
August 13, 1930 (aged 5 years)
|Death of a maternal grandmother||Therese Just|
1933 (aged 8 years)
Note: Sie starb an Darmkrebs in Nitra (laut Trudy Shiner)
Dollfuß verkündet die „Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments“March 4, 1933 (aged 8 years)
[Wikipedia:Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selbstausschaltung_des_Parlaments) Eine patt ausgegangene Abstimmung über die Eisenbahnergehälter und taktisch bedingte Rücktritte der drei Parlamentspräsidenten nutzte der christlichsoziale Bundeskanzler Engelbert Dollfuß, um die „Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments“ zu verkünden. Den Wiederzusammentritt des Nationalrates am 15. März verhinderte Polizei, die das Parlamentsgebäude umstellt hatte.
Wilhelm Miklasfrom December 10, 1928 to March 12, 1938 (aged 13 years)
„Anschluss“ an das Deutsche ReichMarch 12, 1938 (aged 13 years)
|Death of a maternal grandfather||Bernhard Grünfeld|
1942 (aged 17 years)
Holocaustfrom June 14, 1942 to April 7, 1944 (aged 19 years)
Shared note: Survived KZ during WWII.
Survived KZ during WWII.
Note: Escaped from KZ Auschwitz.
Beginn von Luftangriffen in ÖsterreichAugust 1943 (aged 18 years)
[Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geschichte_%C3%96sterreichs#%C3%96sterreich_im_Deutschen_Reich_(1938%E2%80%931945)) Luftangriffe fanden in Österreich erst ab August 1943 statt, da es bis dahin teilweise außerhalb der Reichweite alliierter Bomber beziehungsweise deren Begleitjäger lag. Im Vergleich zum Altreich wurden in Österreich durch Luftangriffe weit weniger zivile Ziele, sondern Rüstungsindustrie und Verkehrsknotenpunkte getroffen, womit die alte Bausubstanz weitgehend erhalten blieb.
Schlacht um WienApril 13, 1945 (aged 20 years)
[Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geschichte_%C3%96sterreichs#%C3%96sterreich_im_Deutschen_Reich_(1938%E2%80%931945)) Der Zweite Weltkrieg war in Wien nach der Schlacht um Wien am 13. April 1945 zu Ende; tags darauf trafen sich Politiker der Zweiten Republik zu ersten Besprechungen, während im Umland der Stadt noch gekämpft wurde. Am 27. April wurde Österreichs Unabhängigkeit verkündet.
Ende des zweiten WeltkriegsMay 8, 1945 (aged 20 years)
Karl Rennerfrom December 20, 1945 to December 31, 1950 (aged 26 years)
|Birth of a daughter||Dr. Helene Vrba|
May 26, 1952 (aged 27 years)
|Birth of a daughter||Zuza Vrba|
May 3, 1954 (aged 29 years)
Unterzeichnung des StaatsvertragsMay 15, 1955 (aged 30 years)
[Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geschichte_%C3%96sterreichs#%C3%96sterreich_vom_Staatsvertrag_bis_zum_EU-Beitritt_(1955%E2%80%931995)) 1955 erhielt die Republik Österreich durch den Staatsvertrag mit den vier Besatzungsmächten ihre volle staatliche Souveränität zurück. Als Gegenleistung dafür musste die Zweite Republik ihre „immerwährende Neutralität“ erklären und per Verfassungsgesetz festschreiben.
Theodor Körnerfrom June 21, 1951 to January 4, 1957 (aged 32 years)
Gipfeltreffen in Wien zwischen Kennedy und ChruschtschowJune 3, 1961 (aged 36 years)
[Wikipedia:Gipfeltreffen in Wien](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gipfeltreffen_in_Wien) Das in Wien im neutralen Österreich abgehaltete Treffen sollte dazu dienen, aktuelle Spannungen zwischen den beiden einander im Kalten Krieg gegenüberstehenden Supermächten zu verringern.
Adolf Schärffrom May 22, 1957 to February 28, 1965 (aged 40 years)
Franz Jonasfrom June 9, 1965 to April 24, 1974 (aged 49 years)
Volksabstimmung über das Kernkraftwerk Zwentendorf1978 (aged 53 years)
[Wikipedia:Volksabstimmung in Österreich über die Inbetriebnahme des Kernkraftwerkes Zwentendorf](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volksabstimmung_in_%C3%96sterreich_%C3%BCber_die_Inbetriebnahme_des_Kernkraftwerkes_Zwentendorf)
|Death of a daughter||Dr. Helene Vrba|
May 9, 1982 (aged 57 years)
Note: Freitod aus Liebe in Papua-Neuguinea
Rudolf Kirchschlägerfrom July 8, 1974 to July 8, 1986 (aged 61 years)
Fall des Eisernen Vorhangs1989 (aged 64 years)
|Death of a mother||Ilona Grünfeld|
February 13, 1991 (aged 66 years)
Kurt Waldheimfrom July 8, 1986 to July 8, 1992 (aged 67 years)
Beitritt zur Europäischen Union1995 (aged 70 years)
[Wikipedia:Erweiterung der Europäischen Union](https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erweiterung_der_Europ%C3%A4ischen_Union#Vierte_Erweiterung_(EFTA-Erweiterung)_EU_1995)
Thomas Klestilfrom July 8, 1992 to July 6, 2004 (aged 79 years)
Heinz Fischerfrom July 8, 2004 to July 8, 2016 (aged 91 years)
|Death|| March 27, 2006 (aged 81 years)|
Note: Er starb an Blasenkrebs, laut Lici Calderon
Rudolf Vrba Associate Professor Emeritus Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia
Rudolf Vrba was born as Walter Rosenberg in Topolcany, Czechoslovakia in 1924 as the son of Elias Rosenberg (owner of a steam saw-mill in Jaklovce near Margecany in Slovakia), and Helena neé Grunfeldova of Zbehy, Slovakia. At the age of fifteen he was excluded from the High School (Gymnasium) of Bratislava under the so-called "Slovak State's" version of the Nuremberg anti- Jewish laws. He worked as a labourer in Trnava until 1942. In March 1942 he was arrested for being Jewish, and on June 14th, 1942, he was deported first to Maidanek and from there he was then transferred to Auschwitz on June 30, 1942. He remained Auschwitz prisoner no.44070 for almost two years. He escaped from the Auschwitz death camp (together with Alfred Wetzler) on April 7th, 1944 and under his "nom de guerre" as Rudolf Vrba he co-authored (with A. Wetzler) the Report on Auschwitz death camps on April 25th, 1944 in Zilina, Slovakia. This report became known in the historiography of the Holocaust as the "Vrba-Wetzler Report" or "Auschwitz Protocols", and contains a precise description of: 1) the geography of the Auschwitz annihilation camp; 2) the methodology of the mass murder in gas chambers practiced in Auschwitz already for two years; 3) a history of events that took place in Auschwitz since April 1942. The Vrba-Wetzler Report reached the Governments of the Allies in June 1944.
Rudolf Vrba joined the Czechoslovak Partisan Units in September 1944 and fought until the end of the war in the distinguished unit commanded by Milan Uher ("Hero of the Slovak National Uprising In Memoriam"). He was decorated by the Czechoslovak Medal for Bravery, the Order of Slovak National Insurection and Order of Meritorious Fighter. After Czechoslovakia was liberated from German occupation, his nom de guerre , (Rudolf Vrba) was legalized. After WW II, he studied Chemistry in Prague, graduated in 1949 (Ing. Chem.) and received his doctorate (Dr. Tech. Sc.) in 1951, followed by a post- graduate degree from the Czechoslovak Academy of Science in 1956 (C.Sc.). Since then he has become internationally known as the author of more than fifty original research papers on the chemistry of the brain, as well as for his research work relevant to diabetes and cancer.
In 1951-52 he pursued biochemical research at the Czechoslovak Academy of Science, followed by five years of research work (1953-1958) at Charles University Medical School in Prague in the research team of Professor J. Teyssinger. He later worked as a biochemist at the Ministry of Agriculture in Israel for two years (1958-1960) and then became member of the Research Staff of the British Medical Research Council in London (1960-1967). He was appointed as associate of the Medical Research Council of Canada (1967- 1973), and he also worked for two years (1973-1975) in the United States as a Lecturer and Research Fellow at Harvard Medical School. Since 1976 he has been Associate Professor teaching Pharmacology at the Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
Rudolf Vrba participated in a prominent way in the production of four films relevant to the history of the Holocaust: (1) "Genocide" (in the "World at War" series; directed by Jeremy lsaacs, BBC, London, 1973); (2) "Auschwitz and the Allies" (Directed by Rex Bloomstein, in collaboration with Martin Gilbert; BBC, London, 1982); (3) "Shoah" (directed by Claude Lanzmann, Paris, 1985); (4) "Witness to Auschwitz" (directed by Robert Taylor, CBC, Toronto, 1990).
Rudolf Vrba published (in collaboration with A. Bestic) a book of personal recollections on Auschwitz ("I cannot forgive", London, U.K., 1964 and New York, U.S.A., 1964) which was published in numerous editions also in German (Munich, 1964), French (Paris, 1988), Dutch (Kempen, 1996), Czech (Prague, 1998) and Hebrew (Haifa, 1998). He also published in international journals several studies on various aspects of the Holocaust in relation to German economy, military strategy and medicine. In 1998 the University of Haifa conferred to Rudolf Vrba the title of Doctor of Philosophy Honoris Causa.
Copyright © by Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, UBC.
Auschwitz escapee who told the world dies in B.C.
MARK HUME, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, Friday, March 31, 2006
VANCOUVER -- When Rudolph Vrba fled Auschwitz in the spring of 1944, he made what may have been the most monumental escape of all time, slipping past Nazi guards and attack dogs that were trained to rip prisoners to pieces.
Although his life ended quietly this week in Vancouver, where he succumbed to cancer at age 82, his escape shook the world 62 years ago because of the secret he and a fellow prisoner revealed.
They told the world about Auschwitz.
Dr. Vrba's feat was remarkable not merely because of what he did -- managing, with prisoner Alfred Wetzler, to confound a Nazi security system that killed hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions of Jewish prisoners -- but because of why he did it. He did not flee to save his own life. He made the suicidal escape bid, which succeeded against all odds, to warn Hungarian Jews that they were about to be rounded up by the SS and sent to the gas chambers.
He and Mr. Wetzler, who died in Slovakia in 1988, brought the first eyewitness accounts of Auschwitz-Birkenau, writing a shocking and detailed report about what was taking place in the death camp.
Although their warning, which became known as the Auschwitz Protocols, was delayed in its release until after mass transports of Hungarian Jews had started, Dr. Vrba and Mr. Wetzler are widely credited with sounding an alarm that saved 100,000 lives.
Ruth Linn, dean of education at Haifa University in Israel, and author of a book about Dr. Vrba's experiences, described the emeritus professor of pharmacology at the University of British Columbia yesterday as a hero.
"We have lost a rare history maker that the history tellers are yet to find the right words to describe," she said in an e-mail.
"Dr. Vrba was an exemplary courageous hero and warrior, an independent thinker who had never feared confronting the establishment.
"He was a scholar who knew the power of knowledge, a person who believed that the deportees to Auschwitz should have been given that power too. He believed that if they knew the fate [that] awaits them upon arrival in Auschwitz, many lives would have been saved. He promised himself to bring them that knowledge, and he kept his promise."
Bernie Farber, CEO of the Canadian Jewish Congress, said he first heard Dr. Vrba speak about his experiences in Auschwitz when he appeared as a prosecution witness in Ernst Zundel's 1985 hate trial.
"There are very few stories from those that were actually there . . . [and] his story was breathtaking," Mr. Farber said yesterday.
"He had what's been described as a photographic memory. He was able to recall the numbers of those who were killed. He was able to give eyewitness testimony that was unshakable, and he played a pivotal role in Zundel's conviction. . . . He was able to tell the story with such clarity that people were able to understand the Holocaust."
Dr. Vrba, born in 1924 in Slovakia, was among those rounded up by the Nazis in 1942 and sent to the death camp of Majdanker. A few months later, he was transferred to Auschwitz.
"He was imprisoned in the main camp and was put to work in 'Kanada,' the camp name for the work detail that had the gruesome task of removing the dead from newly arrived trains, gathering the luggage and sorting it for the rapacious Nazi killers,“ journalist Paul Lungen wrote in a profile in The Canadian Jewish News last year.
From the main Auschwitz camp, Dr. Vrba was transferred to Birkenau, a satellite camp four kilometres away, the final stop for hundreds of thousands of Jews.
"On arrival, survivors were split by sex into two groups, and then Nazi doctors, headed by Josef Mengele, made a selection. With a casual thumb pointing to the left, a prisoner or an entire family would be consigned to the gas chambers and immediate death. Those sent to the right would be registered, tattooed and shaved and then, most often, be subjected to slave labour," wrote Mr. Lungen.
Dr. Vrba was one of the lucky ones. He went to the right and was given a number of jobs that allowed him to roam throughout the camp.
"As a result, he was able to witness and document the killing process first-hand,“ reported The Canadian Jewish News.
"From August, 1942, to June, 1943, he worked in Kanada and was present at the arrival of nearly all train transports. During that time, he committed to memory each transport, its place of origin and the number of arrivals."
By April, 1944, Dr. Vrba had calculated that 1.7-million Jews had been killed in the death camps. And from guards he'd overhead, he knew that the number was going to climb, with "a million units" expected to arrive from Hungary.
Dr. Vrba and Mr. Wetzler, knowing they would be tortured to death if caught, escaped by hiding in a space that had been hollowed out inside a pile of construction lumber just outside Birkenau's barbed-wire inner perimeter. Each day, prisoners were allowed out to the construction site under the watchful eye of guards. At night they were herded back inside the inner camp.
From watching other unsuccessful escape attempts, Dr. Vrba knew that once their absence was detected in an evening count, guards would search the outer area for three days. So he and Mr. Wetzler, their scent masked from guard dogs by tobacco sprinkled with gasoline, huddled in their hiding spot until the night of the third day before slipping away. They made their way under darkness to the Sola River, and, using a map Dr. Vrba had torn from a child's atlas inside Birkenau, eventually crossed the Slovakian border and made contact with the Slovak Jewish Council.
Their warnings about Auschwitz were dutifully recorded and sent to Slovakia, Hungary and Switzerland, but their report was not passed on immediately to the general Jewish population in Hungary.
"A month later, nearly half a million Jews were deported to their deaths. None of them knew what was in store for them. As a result, Vrba and Wetzler concluded that their information had been suppressed. Vrba, for one, remains convinced that if the intended victims had been warned, they would have resisted or hid or fled. The tragedy of the Hungarian Jewry would have taken a very different course,“ John Conway, a UBC emeritus professor of history and a friend of Dr. Vrba's, has written.
Dr. Vrba leaves his wife, Robin Vrba, his daughter, Zuza, of Cambridge, England, his granddaughter, Hannah, his grandson, Jan, and nephews Stefan Horny, of Montreal, and Jan Horny, of Tuttlingen, Germany. He died on Monday
|Last change|| August 7, 2019 – 23:20:09|
Marriage: April 3, 1918 — Bratislava, Slovakia